Expozice času

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History

The history of the building housing the “Exposition of time” - ČSA 19 (house no. 113) - dates back to the beginning of the16th century, which makes it one of the oldest houses in Šternberk. It certainly was not built for an average citizen. There used to be a marketplace, an inn, malt house in 1593 and, interestingly enough, a prison with a torture chamber had been temporarily placed here since 1674. The building also served for a business with stoneware and porcelain and in the 19th century, the distillery producing spirits and liqueurs was located here. Since 1952, its premises were used for cultural purposes - even today it is called “house of public education”.

Dům osvěty Curiously, the house was burdened with a duty to accommodate soldiers in the past, so the burgers were not interested in it too much and most of the time it was owned by the municipality, which financed its operation. Its first documented owner was a member of the Czech House of Lords of Miličín. Among its famous visits that can be mentioned belongs a brief stay of King Frederick of the Palatinate with his wife on 15 February 1620 followed by the Austrian Emperor Francis I with the Russian Tsar Alexander I who stopped here for breakfast when their troops went to Austerlitz on 19 November 1805.

The building bears features of many different styles: arches, for instance, together with a window on the facade and basement were built in the Gothic style; on the other hand, the architecture of the halls facing the street belongs to the Renaissance era and finally, the portal can be ranked as the classical style. In 1998, the building was declared a cultural monument and is listed in the Central Register of Immovable Cultural Monuments in the Czech Republic.

In the recent decades, the premises of the house served for a variety of functions - the ground floor was used as an exhibition hall and the rest of the house provided enough space for a public library, theater for a hundred of guests, ballet room and several offices. Unfortunately, the building started to decay quickly after one third of it had been compelled to give way to the construction of the neighbouring shopping center. Thanks to the intention to secure the grounds for the municipal library, a reconstruction begun in the late 1980s. The political changes of 1989, however, led to the cessation of this project.

Budova Expozice času Šternberk could boast the nickname of "the Town of Clocks" up until 1999. Nevertheless, in the following year, the well-known Museum of clocks situated in the local Castle was closed and the production of mechanical timekeeping devices was finished.

The building under construction waiting to be finished for ten years got its new opportunity when it was decided, eventually, that the place would become the venue of the new „Exposition of time”. This exposition is based on the traditional notion of Šternberk as the Town of Clocks. Its core comprises a unique collection of timekeeping exhibits from the Regional Museum in Olomouc, which was previously stored in the depository of this institution. The exposition should contribute to the development of tourism and thus create new job opportunities as well.

As a matter of fact, the town of Šternberk succeeded in winning the support for the idea of the „Exposition of time” not only in the Czech Republic but also abroad where cooperating partners were found, namely in Germany and Sweden, and, consequently also in the form of grant support from the European Union in the category of the "cultural heritage".

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